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Wax history
- May 25, 2018 -

The origin of

Waxwork has gone through a long history from a single wax figure to the waxwork art of today's times.

According to historical records, as early as the ancient babylonian period, people had mastered the wax portrait technology. In the 4th century BC, Alexander the great, king of Macedonia, asked for wax figures. In ancient Egypt, wax gods were placed in tombs during funeral rites. In ancient Greece, wax gods were often displayed in religious rites. During the ancient Roman mask festival, aristocratic families also displayed or attended funeral services the ancestor mask made of wax. In the middle ages, Europe had to use wax figure witchcraft, the church will have to christians made of wax, let with wax mask to commemorate king and a great man, such as Florence, Italy, o good Mr Starr icon within the church, became the personification of the late imperial and great man. During the Renaissance, the bronze medallion, which was made of dewaxed bronze, was a famous wax figure artist at that time.

17 to 18 century, Spain, Italy, colored wax model embossment rage, wax production at the same time also to medicine, the sicilians and Mr Napolitano, giulio, chun bo had made cooperation with French surgeon DE snow qi human anatomy figure. During this period, Britain, France, Germany and other European countries have produced many exquisite wax figures. The simulation effect of wax figure has promoted the development of this art. In 1770, the first temporary wax museum was opened in Paris, France. Wax in 1776, the Swiss artist Kurt uz, exhibited in Paris, France's Versailles temporary members of the royal large mathilde had colorful wax, sentient beings have scene, lifelike. In 1802, Mary gloushultz used her youth to study curtius, an expert in making medical anatomical wax figures

Conditions, the basis of collecting and sculpture was the head of famous figures, especially during the French revolution, she even collected the guillotine with head shape like blood, emigrated from France to Britain, in an exhibition tour in the British Isles, nearly 33 years wandering, finally settled in London, England. In 1835, madame tussauds introduced the art from France to England and established the permanent madame tussauds wax museum. In 1880, French journalist Arthur meyer, together with the famous painter and sculptor alfredo grivan, established the wax museum of the grivan museum in Paris, France. Over the next hundred years, there are Victoria wax museum in Canada, sarankast wax museum in Pennsylvania and so on. The establishment of wax museum attracts more and more tourists to appreciate wax statues, appreciate history, cherish reality, and have close contact with the figures they admire. This makes wax figure art tend to be popular and emulated [1].

The development of

Strong infection may be originated from wax art simulation, perhaps as early as 2500 years ago in China there are lost wax casting process, perhaps is the cultural life of modern people to search for more intuitive and entertaining, this art was introduced into China, then followed the consciousness of the national culture, ideas, beliefs, preferences, needs, and the economic benefits of the change and development. After the May 4th movement in 1919, the study of the ancient Chinese clothing scholar Mr Pillow chardonnay, cheng by western museum, dynasties meta-pragmatic life-size wax doll wearing costumes, to show visitors at home and abroad for China's clothing culture; In 1765, cortez for Louis xv's mistress Marie Jean du Barry made a wax statue, cortez is the leading teacher of madame, madame (1761-1850) was an outstanding artist, France is famous for producing wax. Since she was a child, she has been learning the art of making wax figures with kottles. She became famous as a wax figure of voltaire, a French writer. Due to wax art simulation appeal and recovery of authenticity and the credibility of the strong, plus China as early as 2500 years ago has lost wax casting process, make the art was introduced into China, quickly produced strong echo, and with profound Chinese national culture innovation. In 1957, Mr. Cheng shouxia set up a special hall in guangzhou cultural park to display wax figure costume works. In the 1930s, there was a wax statue of Confucius in the Confucius temple in shandong. In 1990, Mr. Chen shukai, a Hong Kong industrialist, founded a small scale "Beijing wax museum". In 1992, zou s.t. successfully developed the simulated silica gel image, drawing on the experience of film actors using silicone rubber to repair makeup. Unlike wax, this portrait sculpture of macromolecule material instead of paraffin wax, add a silica gel to generalized wax wax branch, so far wider meaning "wax" is no longer limited to its "wax" material, namely the silicone polymer materials of wax, known as silica gel wax. Then, appeared the "xi 'an incident museum", "xi 'an many dissenting Confucian museum", "Beijing Ming emperor wax palace", "dalian stone museum, art museums, memorial halls have also with wax and show the history, the wax is in different content reflects some sort of culture and history subject matter of the moment.

In 2002, representing the Chinese wax art level, professional, with large-scale, authority, educational and appreciation sex, wax figure combined with cultural relics, physical waxwork museum of art in the national museum of China was born at the national level.

China wax museum USES wax figure art to display ancient and modern Chinese and foreign figures and promote human civilization.

The exhibition aims to reflect all kinds of characters historically and objectively. In the display of wax figures, Chinese characters are the main, supplemented by a small number of foreign figures; Modern characters, supplemented by a small number of ancient characters; With realistic characters as the main, supplemented by a small number of situational characters.

The creative team of China wax museum is composed of high level and exquisite sculpture experts and wax artists in China. They created 126 wax figures in this issue. Among the waxwork figures in the exhibition are politicians and militarists with great vision, thinkers and educators who are honored in the history of China. There are not only the scientific and technological elites of the Chinese nation, but also the literary and historical jun yan who has been handed down by the great works of the Chinese nation. There are the champion warriors in the sports world, and there are the stars in the film world. The revolutionary martyrs who died heroically for the Chinese people's liberation cause and the role models of the masses who followed their own example and lost themselves in public affairs. They set off each other with ingenious and artistic scenes, and the scenes blend into each other.

The Chinese nation has enjoyed a long history of thousands of years. Shenzhou ode to reform and opening up, colorful flowers, romantic figures still look at the present dynasty. China wax museum will continue to expand its scale and build a large-scale high-level wax museum.

Famous wax museum abroad, has become a very influential scenic spot, shanxi is rich in historical and cultural resources, should also have a wax museum of their own. Abroad recently, visited museum, CPPCC members Wang Yanping bill, Suggestions on planning "SanJin history cultural celebrities" museum, can let more people close contact "SanJin celebrity", lead to the development of tourism.